Many victims of identity theft had their vital information stolen in
circumstances beyond their control, such as having their credit information
"sold" by a dishonest employee of a company they do business with. But in a
significant number of cases, the thief obtained the information from the victim
as a result of careless handling of financial documents or unknowingly giving
out information to an imposter.
The following "do's" and "don'ts" will help to reduce your chances of
becoming a victim:
- At home, keep your personal information safe. Don't leave information from
financial accounts, Social Security or driver's license numbers out where they
may be seen by visitors to your home.
- Be careful at the office as well. It's a bad idea to leave your personal
bills or statements on your desk. Also, don't leave your purse or wallet
unattended - lock them in a drawer. You may feel you can trust your co-workers,
but what about the copy machine repairman or other visitors?
- Beware of "dumpster-diving!" Many identities are stolen as a result of
criminals sifting through trash at residences or businesses. Thieves look for
checks, credit card statements, bank and credit union statements or anything
with an account number or Social Security number on it. Be aware that what you
throw away may get into the wrong hands!
- One of the best ways to protect yourself is to shred financial items before
you throw them away - especially credit card, bank and credit union statements,
"junk" credit card offers and cash advance convenience checks from your
established credit cards.
- Check your bank, credit union and credit card account activity as soon as
you receive your monthly statement. If you can go online to check activity and
balances more frequently, you'll be able to spot suspicious transactions
- Look out for "pretexting!" Pretexting occurs when a thief pretends to be
someone else, and gets you to reveal personal information such as your account
number, Social Security number, etc. The pretexter may pretend to be doing a
survey, or pose as an employee of a firm you do business with, or even announce
that you've won a contest.
- Be suspicious of telephone calls or emails asking you to "verify" account
information, passwords or your Social Security number. Don't give out any
numbers - if the call is legitimate they won't have any problem putting their
request in writing.
- Beware the "skimmer!" Skimming occurs when you hand your credit card to a
waiter or sales clerk, and they use a hand held device that "skims" the magnetic
strip. The strip contains information that may include your name, address,
credit limit, and PIN in addition to the credit card number itself. This one's
hard to catch - and hard to stop.
- Cut down on the number of items you carry in your purse or wallet - many
muggings occur primarily to steal your identity. Don't carry all your credit
cards, just one or two. And don't keep your Social Security card in your wallet;
that's the number one item thieves use to steal your identity.
- Also, be careful when you carry other cards that include your Social
Security number. Medical insurance, dental insurance and school ID cards often
use your Social Security number. Consider leaving these at home if you don't
absolutely need them with you.
- Watch out for "shoulder surfing!" Another common method of identity theft is
to steal your PIN number or account number - by listening to you punch it into a
phone or ATM, or hearing you give it over the phone. Look around you when giving
out sensitive information - and keep your voice down!
- When you pay bills, don't leave them in an unlocked mailbox. Thieves often
drive through suburban neighborhoods after everyone has gone to work. They
quickly grab mail from boxes with the red flag up.
- Identity thieves may also come back around after the mail has been
delivered. They are looking for credit card, bank and credit union statements
that can be used to steal your identity. Consider getting a locked mailbox (if
possible) or a post office box.
- According to the Federal Trade Commission, "one of the best ways to catch
identity theft is to regularly check your credit record." Order your free credit
report each year to make sure that all the information is accurate and that no
new accounts have been opened without your knowledge. Request your credit
reports at www.annualcreditreport.com or by calling 877-322-8228.
There's no way to guarantee that you'll never be the victim of identity
theft. But following each of these tips may help to keep your information out of
a criminal's hands.